Main Reason for Breast Cancer in Male & Female
Breast Cancer is one of the most dangerous cancer nowadays after the Lung Cancer.
In the year 2017, around 252, 710 new diagnoses of breast cancer are expected in women, and around 40,610 women are likely to die from the disease.
The most efficient way to avoid it is the awareness of the symptoms in the beginning only.
It is identified by different stages as follows:-
- In the beginning of the stage, Cells are only contained in the duct & have not come in contact with the other tissues, called Stage 1.
- After that, the size of a tumor has come 2 cm across & has not started to expand to other areas of nodes, this is Stage 2.
- Later, it has started to come in contact with other nodes, known as Stage 3.
- Finally, the tumor is now 5 cm across & now in contact with some of the lymph nodes, is Stage 4.
- Ultimately, it has spread to other organs, like brain, bones, liver & lungs, known as Stage 5.
What do you mean by Breast Cancer?
After puberty cycle, a woman’s breast consists of fat, connective tissue, and thousands of lobules, tiny glands that produce milk for breastfeeding.
The function of Tiny tubes, or ducts, carry the milk toward the nipple.
In cancer, the body’s cells multiply itself in an uncontrolled manner.
It is the excessive cell growth that causes cancer.
Breast cancer consists of 2 types:-
- Ductal carcinoma: This begins in the milk duct and is the most common type.
- Lobular carcinoma: This starts in the lobules.
The most dangerous part of the breast cancer is when the cancer cells break out from inside the ducts or lobules.
This causes that cells to travel to other nearby tissues which increase the probability of spreading cancer in other parts of the body, this is cal Invasive Breast Cancer.
Non-invasive breast cancer means that cells are still inside that infected area & has not spread out on to other parts of the body.
However, these cells can eventually develop into invasive breast cancer.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
The initial symptom of breast cancer is usually an area of thickened tissue in the breast or a lump in the breast or in an armpit.
Other symptoms include:
- Continuous pain in the armpits or breast.
- Redness color of the skin of the breast.
- Rash around the nipples.
- Discharge from a nipple containing blood.
- Inverted Nipple.
- Change in size & shape of the Breast.
- Nipple becomes peeling, flaking, or scaling.
10 Common Risk Factors for Breast Cancer
The most common reasons which are responsible for the breast cancer are as follows:-
1. Age Factor
The risk increases with age. At 20 years, the chance of developing breast cancer in the next decade is 0.6 %. By the age of 70 years, this figure goes up to 3.84 percent.
2. Due to Genetics
If a close relative has or has had, breast cancer, the risk is higher.
Women who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, ovarian cancer or both. These genes can be inherited. TP53 is another gene that is linked to a greater breast cancer risk.
3. Long History of Breast Cancer
Women who have had breast cancer before are more likely to have it again, compared with those who have no history of the disease.
Chances of cancer are increased by breast lumps too.
4. Identification of Dense breast tissue
Higher density breast tissue is likely to develop during breast cancer.
5. Effect of Estrogen exposure and breastfeeding
Being exposed to estrogen for a longer period appears to increase the risk of breast cancer.
This could be due to starting periods earlier or entering menopause later than average. Between these times, estrogen levels are higher.
Breastfeeding, most likely to reduce the chance of breast cancer.
6. Excess amount of Bodyweight
Women who are overweight have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, possibly due to higher levels of estrogen. High sugar intake may also be a factor.
7. Increase in Alcohol Consumption
A higher rate of regular alcohol consumption appears to play a role. Studies have shown that women who consume more than 3 drinks a day have a 1.5 times higher risk.
8. Excessive Radiation Exposure
Undergoing radiation treatment for cancer that is not breast cancer increases the risk of breast cancer later in life.
9. Hormone Replacement Therapy
The use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and oral birth control pills have been linked to breast cancer, due to increased levels of estrogen.
10. Workplace Issues
Researchers suggested that exposure to certain carcinogens and endocrine disruptors, for example in the workplace, could be linked to breast cancer.
11) Beware of the Cosmetic Breast implants
Cosmetic breast implants done by women are diagnosed with breast cancer have a higher risk of dying from the disease in increasing the risk of 25 percent than those who have not done implants.
Breast Cancer Chances in Male
Even though men don’t have big breasts like women, they do have a small amount of breast tissue.
The breasts of an adult man are similar to the breasts of a girl before their puberty cycle.
In girls, this tissue grows and develops after puberty due to the estrogen hormone, but in men, it doesn’t due to the testosterone levels in a male.
On the other hand, men have still a lot of chances to have breast cancer except they don’t have cancer on a part which makes & store milk.
Breast cancer in men is always diagnosed later than breast cancer in women, due to small in size & harder to feel,
Risk of Breast Cancer in Men ( Yes it is Possible )
It’s rare for a man under age 35 to get breast cancer.
A man’s chance of getting breast cancer goes up with age.
Most breast cancers happen to men between ages 60 and 70.
Other factors are as follows:-
- Growing older.
- High estrogen levels.
- Klinefelter syndrome
- Genetic mutations.
- Radiation exposure.
Symptoms of Male Breast Cancer
- Lump felt in the breast.
- Continuous Nipple pain.
- An Inverted nipple.
- Nipple discharge (clear or bloody).
- Sores on the nipple.
- Enlarged lymph nodes under the arm.
Diagnosis of Male Breast Cancer
It includes several treatments like:-
- Nipple Discharge examination
Steps for Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
Diagnosis involves staging cancer, to establish:
- Size of a tumor.
- How far it has spread.
- Invasive or non-invasive.
- Metastasized or spread to other parts of the body.
Other important steps of diagnosing the breast cancer are as follows:-
The physician will check the patient’s breasts for lumps and other symptoms.
The patient will be asked to sit or stand with her arms in different positions, such as above her head and by her sides.
The mammogram is a type of X-ray commonly used for initial breast cancer screening. It produces images that can help detect any lumps or abnormalities.
A sample of tissue is surgically removed for laboratory analysis. This can show whether the cells are cancerous, and, if so, which type of cancer it is, including whether or not the cancer is hormone-sensitive.
Treatments for Breast Cancer
The main options include:
- Radiation therapy
- Biological therapy, or targeted drug therapy
- Hormone therapy
Prevention is Always Better Than Cure
Women who are receiving the treatment in the early stages, i.e stage 0 or 1 have more chances to survive this cancer.
On the later stages, i.e stage 4 chances reduced to much less as compared to early stages.
Just improve some basic habits in your lifestyle it will surely help you to avoid cancer.
Try to improve the overall lifestyle, i.e follows a Balanced diet which includes, protein, carbs & fats, with multivitamins & minerals & workout daily.
These small changes in the lifestyle will definitely reduce the risk of breast cancer to a greater extent in both male & females.Pages: