It is a condition when your body is no longer to regulates sugar levels in your blood.
It is also known as diabetes mellitus, which is described as a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar).
The production of insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or both, due to the high amount of sugar levels.
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is classed as a metabolism disorder.
Metabolism refers to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth.
Most of the food is eaten & broken down into glucose.
Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood, that is it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies.
When we digest our food, the glucose makes its way into our bloodstream.
Our cells use that glucose for energy and growth. However, glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present in it.
Therefore, insulin makes it possible for our cells to take in the glucose.
What is Insulin?
Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells, as soon as glucose enters the cells blood-glucose levels drop.
After we take our meal the pancreas automatically releases an adequate amount of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells, as soon as glucose enters the cells blood-glucose levels drop, but when there is no space in the body to store that glucose, then the problem starts to happen.
A guy with diabetes has a condition in which his or her quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated or high (hyperglycemia).
Therefore, either body does not produce enough insulin or produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin, which the pancreas produces.
This leads to too much glucose building up in the blood.
The excess blood glucose eventually passes out of the body in urine. So, even though the blood has plenty of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and growth requirements.
Therefore, because the blood has a lot of glucose in them, the cells are not getting enough for an essential energy and growth requirements.
Types of Diabetes
There are typically 4 types of diabetes found in humans:-
1) Prediabetes – A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes.
2) Type 1 Diabetes – In this type, a body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases belong to this type, it is more critical or serious condition than type2.
3) Type 2 Diabetes – Here a body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type., it is less critical or serious condition than type1.
4) Gestational Diabetes – this type affects females during pregnancy.
Let us discuss them one by one:-
The majority of patients who are suffering from type 2 diabetes, initially had prediabetes.
Their blood glucose levels were higher than normal, but not high enough to merit a diabetes diagnosis.
The cells in the body are becoming resistant to insulin.
Studies have indicated that even at the prediabetes stage, some damage to the circulatory system and the heart may already have occurred.
This is the best time to identify the weakness and work on it.
Therefore, it is always said that Precaution is better than Cure.
Type 1 Diabetes ( Pancreas problem )
In this body does not produce insulin due to the problem in the pancreas.
The cells of the pancreas which produce insulin stopped working.
Therefore we need insulin injections to lower the sugar.
Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes.
Many of the individuals normally develop a type 1 diabetes earlier in their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years.
Type 1 diabetes is nowhere near as common as type 2 diabetes. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.
Patients who are having type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life.
They must see proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Type 2 Diabetes ( Liver problem )
Insulin is produced in type2, but it doesn’t work inside the liver.
They make receptors inside a liver which is insulin addicted.
Each receptor in the liver become attracted.
There are approximately 200.000receptorss forever liver cell.
There diabetes type 2 is called Insulin Resistive or immune.
The body stops producing enough insulin for their proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are under type 2 category.
However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive & popular disease – it gradually gets worse – and the patient will probably end up having to take insulin, usually in tablet form.
To Being an overweight/obese/fatty condition, causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems, physically inactive and be eating the wrong foods all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Drinking just one can of (non-diet) soda per day can raise your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%.
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is also much higher as we grow older.
Experts are not completely sure why, but say that as we age we tend to put on weight and become less physically active.
Men whose testosterone levels are low have been found to have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
This type of diabetes affects females during their pregnancy stage.
Few women have s very high levels of glucose or sugar level in their blood, due to which their body is not able to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in the excess of glucose in their blood.
Proper Exercise & diet plan can control the effects of gestational diabetes, from which only a few of them might need to take some medications for controlling the glucose.
Uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth, due to which the size of the baby can be bigger as it used to be.
Women which take a diet rich in animal fat and cholesterol had a higher risk for gestational diabetes, as compared to the one whose diets were low in cholesterol and animal fats.
Importance of Liver in Controlling Diabetes
If we have to improve the blood sugar level in our body, then focus more on the liver than on the pancreas.
Suppose we improve the functioning of the liver by 20 % then it will gradually lower the stress on the pancreas a lot, which will eventually improve the functioning of the pancreas as it will produce insulin again when it’s needed.
On the other, if the pancreas will handle all of the stress of blood sugar by producing insulin day by day, then in future there the type 2 & then type 1 diabetes will occur.
Don’t consume too much alcohol, junk foods & cooked foods for a proper functioning of the liver.
Way to improve the functioning of the liver is to compose raw vegetables.
The liver produces IGF ( insulin growth factor ) which improves aging decade by decade because the liver is responsible for increasing IGF inside body which will slow the aging process.
Advantages of IGF are:-
- Helps in Anti-aging.
- Burns Fat.
- Protect protein to break down into sugar.
- Avoid Collagen.
- Reduce the stress.
Focus on following points to increase IGF:-
- Doing HIIT.
- Make Liver Healthy ( eat vegetables ).
Relationship Between Liver & Pancreas for Diabetes
The liver controls blood sugar when you are not eating & Pancreas control it when you eat.
The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin, which gets sugar out of the blood, that lowers blood sugar.
The Liver makes a hormone known an IGF ( Insulin-like Growth Factor ), which put sugar into a blood when the body has very low sugar levels.
Liver gets the sugar from 2 sources:-
- Muscles – Consists of Glycogen.
- Fat – Extra amount of glucose stored inside a body.
Remeber one thing, that if a body is having a stored sugar, then the liver will not go for fat deposits at all.
The goal of the body is to maintain the sugar level in a normal range between 80 to 100 mg/dl.
If the blood glucose or sugar level goes too high it causes Hyperglycemia (diabetes) or if it’s too low causes Hypoglycemia.
What happens when Insulin goes HIGH?
There are 3 situations:-
1 ) Energy – The sugar can be used as an immediate form of energy during exercise.
2 ) Stored in muscles – Excess sugar can store in liver & in muscles because if it is stored then it will not convert into fat.
Eat Potassium Rich Foods to Stop Craving for Sugar
The average body needs 4700 milligrams of potassium every day.
7 cups of vegetables we need every single day to high the potassium level.
Therefore, if too much sugar is being pulled out by the insulin & you are not using it as an energy & also the body have too low levels of potassium then it will go as a Fat.
FOODS TO AVOID THAT CAUSE DIABETES
- Highly processed Carbohydrates: To reduce your risk, limit your intake of foods made with processed carbohydrates, such as bread, muffins, cakes, crackers, and pasta, in favor of whole-grain options.
- Sugar-Sweetened Drinks: One of the best ways to minimize the effect of sugar on your health is to limit your intake of sugar-sweetened beverages, including fruit drinks. To stay hydrated, drink more water. Also, avoid loading up your coffee or tea with sugar and cream.
- Saturated & Trans Fats: Trans fats appear in packaged baked goods and fried foods in restaurants, while saturated fats can be found in fatty meats, butter, and full-fat milk and cheese.
- Red & Processed Meats: Red meat and processed red meat are both linked to type 2 diabetes. Processed meats like bacon, hot dogs, and deli meats are particularly bad because of their high levels of sodium and nitrites.
How to Determine whether a Person is suffering from any Type of Diabetes or not?
The following tests can be able to determine a type of diabetes in a person:-
1) 6.5% means Diabetes at least.
2) Between 5.7% and 5.99% means Pre-diabetes.
3) Less than 5.7% means Normal.
FPGT (Fasting Plasma Glucose Test)
1) 126 mg/dl means Diabetes at least.
2) 100 mg/dl and 125.99 mg/dl means Pre-Diabetes.
3) Less than 100 mg/dl means Normal.
OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test)
1) 200 mg/dl means Diabetes at least.
2) 140 and 199.9 mg/dl means Pre-Diabetes.
3) Less than 140 mg/dl means Normal.
Symptoms of Diabetes
- Frequent Urination (Polyuria).
- Intense Thirst (Polydipsia).
- Much Hunger (Polyphagia).
- Unusual Weight gain & Weight loss.
- Muscle Fatigue.
- Cuts and bruises that do not heal.
- Male sexual dysfunction.
- Numbness & Tingling in hands and feet.
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Weak EyeSight.
- Nerve Damage.
Always remember one thing,
Precaution is always better than Cure.
If a person will not live a good lifestyle in his or her early days then, the complications will occur, no matter how much he is willing to pay for the medications.
Healthy Life Style is not only about Fat Loss or Muscle Building, but it depends on your choices.
Therefore, try to think beyond your temporary pleasures & try to focus on permanent pleasures, which is only can be obtained from the right quality of food choices.